Identity Theft Prevention Tips
No matter how you decide to protect yourself, take all these additional precautions. This information is from the Direct Marketing Association
1) Use Unique or Unpredictable Passwords:
Place unidentifiable passwords on all of your accounts — your credit card, bank and phone accounts. Avoid using easily available information such as your mother’s maiden name, your birth date, the last four digits of your Social Security Number (SSN) or your phone number, or a series of consecutive numbers.
2) Secure Personal Information:
In your home
- Take precautions if you have roommates, employ outside help, or are having repair work done on/in your home.
- Lock personal information in a filing cabinet.
- Deposit outgoing mail in post office collection boxes or at your local post office, rather than in an unsecured mailbox, and promptly remove mail from your mailbox. If you’re planning to be away from home and can’t pick up your mail, call the U.S. Postal Service at 1-800-275-8777 to request a hold.
- Tear or shred your charge receipts, copies of credit applications, insurance forms, physician statements, checks and bank statements, expired charge cards that you’re discarding, and credit offers you get in the mail.
- When ordering new checks, pick them up from the bank instead of having them mailed to your home mailbox.
On the phone/mail/Internet
- Don’t give out personal information unless you’ve initiated contact or are sure you know who you’re dealing with.
- Be cautious when responding to promotional offers. Identity thieves may create phony promotional offers to get you to give them your personal information.
- Identity thieves are clever, and have posed as representatives of banks, Internet service providers (ISPs), and even government agencies to get people to reveal their SSN, mother’s maiden name, account numbers, and other personal information. Before you share any such information, confirm that you are dealing with a legitimate organization. Check an organization’s Web site by typing its URL in the address line. Or call customer service using the number listed on your account statement or in the telephone book.
In your wallet
- Don’t carry your SSN card; leave it in a secure place. Give your SSN only when absolutely necessary, and ask to use other types of identifiers. If your state uses your SSN as your driver’s license number, ask to substitute another number. Do the same if your health insurance company uses your SSN as your policy number.
- Carry only the identification information and the credit and debit cards that you’ll actually need when you go out.
- Keep your purse or wallet in a safe place at work; do the same with copies of administrative forms that have your sensitive personal information.
On your computer
- Update virus protection software and patches for your operating system and other software programs regularly.
- Do not open files sent to you by strangers, or click on hyperlinks or download programs from people you don’t know. Be careful about using file-sharing programs. Opening a file could expose your system to a computer virus or a program known as “spyware,” which could capture your passwords or any other information as you type it into your keyboard.
- Use a firewall program to stop uninvited access to your computer. Without it, hackers can take over your computer, access the personal information stored on it, and use it to commit crimes
- Use a secure browser – software that encrypts or scrambles information you send over the Internet – to guard your online transactions. Be sure your browser has the most up-to-date encryption capabilities by using the latest version available from the manufacturer. When submitting information, look for the “lock” icon on the browser’s status bar to be sure your information is secure during transmission.
- Try not to store financial information on your laptop unless absolutely necessary. If you do, use a strong password a combination of letters (upper and lower case), numbers and symbols.
- Before you dispose of a computer, delete all the personal information it had stored. Use a “wipe” utility program to overwrite the entire hard drive. Deleting files using the keyboard or mouse commands or reformatting your hard drive may not be enough because the files may stay on the computer’s hard drive, where they may be retrieved easily.
3) Educate Yourself on Security Procedures Outside of the Home:
- Ask about information security procedures in your workplace or at businesses, doctor’s offices or other institutions that collect your personal identifying information.
- Find out who has access to your personal information, and verify that it is handled securely.
- Ask about disposal procedures for your records.
Find out if your information will be shared with anyone else. If so, ask how your information can be kept confidential.
The FTC has an informative guide, “Take Charge: Fighting Back Against Identity Theft,” available on its Web site, www.ftc.gov. Click here for a direct link or call 877-FTC-HELP.
To report ID theft, call the FTC at 877-ID-THEFT or go online at www.consumer.gov/idtheft.